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Type 2 diabetes and obesity

EASD 2020 news

Intermittent very-low-calorie diet could be easier to stomach for people with diabetes

Man checking body fat (symbolic image with model)

The pilot MIDDAS study suggests that a 2-day per week very-low-calorie diet could be a viable alternative to a continuous diet for people with type 2 diabetes who struggle with this approach.

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‘Nearly identical’ metabolic benefits with surgery vs diet in people with type 2 diabetes

Bariatric surgery

Among people with obesity and type 2 diabetes, substantial weight loss is associated with similar metabolic benefits irrespective of whether it is achieved through gastric bypass surgery or diet, suggests research published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

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Type 1, type 2 diabetes linked to elevated COVID-19 mortality risk

Doctor checking on Covid-19 infected patient connected to a ventilator

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are independently associated with an increased risk for death among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, and a number of factors including poor glycemic control and BMI may predict mortality risk, suggest findings from two studies published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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Ethnic-specific diabetes screening BMI cutoffs proposed

African American male patient having weight checked by doctor

Researchers studying the MESA cohort have proposed BMI cutoffs at which people from ethnic minorities should be screened for type 2 diabetes, all of which are lower than their proposed cutoff for White people.

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Cardiometabolic burden varies by age, sex, ethnicity at type 2 diabetes diagnosis

People in profile different age and nationalities

A study shows marked variations in cardiovascular risk burden according to age, sex, and ethnicity at the point of type 2 diabetes diagnosis, with implications for both diabetes prevention and cardiovascular risk management.

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Exercise better than diet to combat early heart changes in type 2 diabetes

Older couple exercising in the park

The results of a small randomized trial suggest exercise is more helpful than diet for combating early cardiac dysfunction associated with type 2 diabetes, although both may be beneficial.

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Liraglutide 3.0 mg boosts weight loss in insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes

Insulin pens

Adding liraglutide 3.0 mg to intensive behavioral therapy increases weight loss in overweight or obese people with insulin-treated type 2 diabetes, results of the phase 3 SCALE Insulin trial show.

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Preoperative diabetes duration may affect remission rates after bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery

Swedish research suggests that determining type 2 diabetes duration prior to bariatric surgery could help prioritize those patients most likely to achieve diabetes remission.

Online coaching helps with weight loss maintenance

Electronic health records

People who are trying to maintain weight loss with the help of electronic health records-based tracking tools do significantly better if they are given access to an online coach, shows a randomized trial.

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Trial results support gastric bypass as ‘procedure of choice’ for diabetes remission

Gastric bypass surgery (used with permission)

People with obesity and type 2 diabetes who undergo gastric bypass surgery have higher rates of diabetes remission after 1 year than those undergoing sleeve gastrectomy, indicate findings from the Oseberg trial.

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10-21-2020 | COVID-19 | News

Obesity may be less impactful for older COVID-19 patients with type 2 diabetes

Obesity is a significant predictor of poor COVID-19 outcomes in patients who also have type 2 diabetes, but only in those up to the age of 75 years, report French researchers.

10-13-2020 | Metabolic surgery | News

Bariatric surgery cuts pancreatic cancer risk in obese individuals with diabetes

Bariatric surgery is associated with a reduced prevalence of pancreatic cancer in obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, suggest findings from a population-based study presented at UEG Week Virtual 2020.

10-09-2020 | Diet | News

Pancreatic morphology normalizes with sustained type 2 diabetes remission

Sustained remission of type 2 diabetes in DiRECT was accompanied by normalization of pancreatic morphology, say the researchers.

Themed collections

07-31-2017 | Metabolic surgery | Themed collection | Collection

Metabolic surgery in diabetes

This content collection examines the mechanisms associated with diabetes remission following bariatric (metabolic) surgery, considers the patients most suitable for each procedure, and reviews post-surgical management and outcomes, including complications.

Journal articles and book chapters

12-07-2018 | Pathogenesis | Review | Article

Melatonin in type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity

Katamitri A, Jockers R. Nat Rev Endocrinol 2018. doi: 10.1038/s41574-018-0130-1

10-16-2018 | Metabolic surgery | Article

Association between bariatric surgery and macrovascular disease outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity

Fisher DP et al. JAMA 2018; 320: 1570–1582. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.14619

09-05-2018 | Diet | Review | Article

Nutrition and diabetes in South Asia

Gopalan HS, Misra A, Jayawardena R. Eur J Clin Nutr 2018; 72: 1267–1273. doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0219-6

08-29-2018 | Risk factors | Review | Article

Early-life exposures and risk of diabetes mellitus and obesity

Gingras V, Hivert MF, Oken E. Curr Diab Rep 2018; 18: 89. doi: 10.1007/s11892-018-1050-0

08-28-2018 | Diet | Review | Article

Dietary interventions and type 2 diabetes in youth: A fresh look at the evidence

Perkison WB, Adekanye JA, de Oliveira Otto MC. Curr Nutr Rep 2018. doi: 10.1007/s13668-018-0241-2

Guidelines

A convenient single access point, providing diabetes professionals with links to a comprehensive set of clinical practice guidelines from a wide range of relevant organizations.

Slides

Downloadable PowerPoint slide sets containing a variety of high-quality images and illustrations from Springer Nature’s library of published figures.

Practice tips

Practical information, guidance, and helpful resources for diabetes healthcare providers. Comprised of practical approaches, case studies, and more.

Themed collections

Compendia of selected, recently published, free full-text journal and book content from Springer Nature and other publishers on a particular topic within diabetes management, as recommended by our Editorial Board.

Independent Medical Education

Educational programs building upon the most current research and professional practice recommendations, with the aim of enabling more efficient diagnosis, optimizing treatment, and improving patient outcomes.

Image Credits