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02-23-2018 | Children | Review | Article

Considering Culture: A Review of Pediatric Behavioral Intervention Research in Type 1 Diabetes

Current Diabetes Reports

Authors: Meredith Rose, Laura Aronow, Sarah Breen, Carrie Tully, Marisa E. Hilliard, Ashley M. Butler, Randi Streisand

Publisher: Springer US



Purpose of Review

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence in youth is growing across all racial/ethnic backgrounds, with the most marked increase in African-American youth under 5. Underrepresented racial/ethnic minorities are at an increased risk for health complications. This review focuses on the reported disparities, demographics of samples in behavioral interventions, and study design considerations.

Recent Findings

Recruitment data from two ongoing behavioral intervention trials for young children with T1D are presented to compare enrolled/non-enrolled individuals and to discuss culturally appropriate study design considerations. Data were compared to the demographics of children (ages 1–6) with T1D in the clinic populations from the recruitment sites.


Enrolling a representative sample and designing culturally appropriate behavioral interventions are important for generalizability, yet there is a gap between the individuals participating in T1D research and those who are most negatively affected by T1D. Suggestions are offered for ways to expand inclusion of diverse samples in behavioral intervention research in T1D.

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