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07-14-2018 | Pediatrics | Review | Article

Disparities in Care Delivery and Outcomes in Young Adults With Diabetes

Journal:
Current Diabetes Reports

Authors: Shivani Agarwal, Marisa Hilliard, Ashley Butler

Publisher: Springer US

Abstract

This review summarizes the literature on care and outcome disparities in young adults (YA) with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and outlines remaining needs and suggestions to reduce disparities and improve care.
Despite well-documented disparities and data from large national and international diabetes populations, the role that social determinants of health play in disease management is largely unstudied. Further, mechanisms of how these risk factors interact with the unique developmental needs of racial-ethnic minority and economically vulnerable young adults with diabetes remain unknown. Little intervention research has focused on improving outcomes in this vulnerable population.
More research needs to focus on identifying and addressing risk factors in racial-ethnic minority and economically vulnerable young adults with diabetes. Interventions need to be adapted and developed to meet the unique needs of this high-risk population. Clinicians and healthcare systems must recognize the inequity in care and outcomes for this group and structure clinical programs and policies to promote their optimal care.

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