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04-26-2017 | Lifestyle interventions | Review | Article

Novel approaches for the promotion of physical activity and exercise for prevention and management of type 2 diabetes

R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A Mcneil, S J Street, A P Hills


Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India—Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2017; 71: 858–864. 10.1038/ejcn.2017.53


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