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06-17-2017 | Healthcare systems | Article

Improving diabetes care at primary care level with a multistrategic approach: results of the DIAPREM programme

Journal:
Acta Diabetologica

Authors: Mariana Prestes, Maria A. Gayarre, Jorge F. Elgart, Lorena Gonzalez, Enzo Rucci, Jose M. Paganini, Juan J. Gagliardino, DIAPREM (DIAbetes Primary Care, Registry, Education and Management)

Publisher: Springer Milan

Abstract

To present results, 1 year postimplementation at primary care level, of an integrated diabetes care programme including systemic changes, education, registry (clinical, metabolic, and therapeutic indicators), and disease management (DIAPREM).
We randomly selected and trained 15 physicians and 15 nurses from primary care units of La Matanza County (intervention—IG) and another 15 physicians/nurses to participate as controls (control—CG). Each physician–nurse team controlled and followed up 10 patients with type 2 diabetes for 1 year; both groups used structured medical records. Patients in IG had quarterly clinical appointments, whereas those in CG received traditional care. Statistical data analysis included parametric/nonparametric tests according to data distribution profile and Chi-squared test for proportions.
After 12 months, the dropout rate was significantly lower in IG than in CG. Whereas in IG HbA1c, blood pressure and lipid profile levels significantly decreased, no changes were recorded in CG. Drug prescriptions showed no significant changes in IG except a decrease in oral monotherapy.
DIAPREM is an expedient and simple multistrategic model to implement at the primary care level in order to decrease patient dropout and improve control and treatment adherence, and quality of care of people with diabetes.

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