Treatment of Dyslipidemia in Diabetes: Recent Advances and Remaining Questions
- Current Diabetes Reports
Authors: Alan Chait, Ira Goldberg
Publisher: Springer US
Purpose of Review
This article reviews current knowledge concerning diabetic dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD). It reviews strategies to reduce diabetes-associated CVD, including reducing low-density lipoprotein levels, lowering triglycerides, and increasing high-density lipoproteins (HDL). Special considerations, such as the multifactorial chylomicronemia syndrome and partial lipodystrophy, and the role of glucose-lowering strategies in the management of diabetic dyslipidemia are discussed.
The strongest evidence to date for reducing CVD in diabetes comes from the use of statins. While triglyceride lowering remains inconclusive, an ongoing trial might provide some finality to this question. The role of increasing HDL remains elusive, and HDL cholesterol appears to be an unsatisfactory metric for monitoring therapy.
The use of statins offers the best current way to reduce diabetes-associated CVD. However, several novel and promising approaches for the management of diabetic dyslipidemia aimed at reducing CVD are in the pipeline.