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Diabetes complications and comorbidities: Cardiovascular disease

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Prediabetes marks increased vascular risk

Cartoon of overweight man walking on a 'cardiovascular tightrope'

People who meet the criteria for prediabetes during the 3 years before a type 2 diabetes diagnosis have a higher burden of vascular disease than those who do not, research shows.

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Exercise better than diet to combat early heart changes in type 2 diabetes

Older couple exercising in the park

The results of a small randomized trial suggest exercise is more helpful than diet for combating early cardiac dysfunction associated with type 2 diabetes, although both may be beneficial.

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Cardioprotective benefits of dapagliflozin extend beyond people with diabetes

Heart failure

Treatment with dapagliflozin is associated with a significant reduction in the risk for heart failure worsening or cardiovascular death in people with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction regardless of whether or not they have diabetes, shows an exploratory analysis of DAPA-HF trial data.

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Urgent action needed to improve dysglycemia screening in patients with heart disease

HbA1c

More than half of people with coronary artery disease have impaired glucose tolerance, yet many are unaware of this or are undertreated despite knowledge of their condition, results of the EUROASPIRE V survey show.

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Haptoglobin genotype may dictate success of intensive glucose control

Blood test

The benefits and harms of intensive glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes may depend on which form of haptoglobin they have, shows an analysis of the ACCORD trial.

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Weight gain blunts benefits of quitting smoking in type 2 diabetes

Discarded cigarette butts

Gaining weight after stopping smoking attenuates the cardiovascular disease benefits of quitting in people with type 2 diabetes, but does not appear to lessen its positive effect on mortality, shows research.

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Nonalbuminuric CKD risks confirmed in type 2 diabetes

Heart kidney and nerves

People with type 2 diabetes and reduced kidney function in the absence of albuminuria have an increased risk for mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events, despite a low risk for end-stage renal disease, research shows.

Patient case study

Diabetes treatment in the elderly: A multi-morbid patient case study

Elderly woman with medication (symbolic image with model)

Primary care physician Jay Shubrook shares his recommendations for diabetes management in a 72-year-old, multi-morbid patient.

Get more on: Older adults with type 2 diabetes | Diabetes comorbidities

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Metabolic surgery may improve cardiovascular prognosis in type 2 diabetes

Obesity surgery

People with type 2 diabetes and obesity who undergo metabolic surgery have a significantly lower risk for major adverse cardiovascular events than those who do not receive surgery, observational study data show.

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Meta-analysis demonstrates cardioprotective effect of GLP-1 receptor agonists

Heart and stethoscope

Treatment with glucagon-like peptide receptor agonists reduces the risk for major adverse cardiovascular events among people with type 2 diabetes, indicate findings from a large meta-analysis.

medwireNews

05-20-2020 | Sleep disorders | News

Sleep disturbance linked to CVD, mortality risk in people with type 2 diabetes

Sleep disturbance is associated with a significantly increased risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among people with new-onset type 2 diabetes, South Korean researchers report.

05-13-2020 | Obesity | News

Genetic study backs weight loss to negate long-term childhood obesity risks

Findings from a genetic analysis support the notion that the harms of childhood obesity can be avoided by attaining a healthy BMI by adulthood.

05-12-2020 | Heart failure | News

Diabetes undertreated among patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction

Diabetes is common among patients who have heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and both conditions together are undertreated despite being associated with a particularly high risk for hospitalization and death, US research suggests.

Themed collections

06-25-2018 | SGLT2 inhibitors | Themed collection | Collection

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors in type 2 diabetes

An updated collection of articles focusing on the mechanism of action and clinical use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors in patients with diabetes.

Journal articles and book chapters

12-13-2018 | GLP-1 agonists | Review | Article

GLP-1RAs in type 2 diabetes: Mechanisms that underlie cardiovascular effects and overview of cardiovascular outcome data

Sposito AC et al. Cardiovasc Diabetol 2018; 17: 157. doi: 10.1186/s12933-018-0800-2

11-28-2018 | Diabetic cardiomyopathy | Article

Cardiovascular risk reduction over time in patients with diabetes or pre-diabetes undergoing bariatric surgery: data from a single-center retrospective observational study

Rubio-Almanza M, Cámara-Gómez R, Hervás-Marín D et al. BMC Endocr Disord 2018; 18: 90. doi: 10.1186/s12902-018-0317-4

11-21-2018 | Cardiovascular disorders | Review | Article

Unrecognised cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes: Is it time to act earlier?

Schernthaner G et al. Cardiovasc Diabetol 2018; 17: 145. doi: 10.1186/s12933-018-0788-7

11-10-2018 | Retinopathy | Article

Diabetic retinopathy grade as a predictive marker of severity of cardiovascular disease and mortality: DIVERSE Study Group

Shah K et al. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries 2018. doi: 10.1007/s13410-018-0699-x

11-08-2018 | Cardiovascular disorders | Review | Article

The evolving role of the cardiologist in the management of type 2 diabetes

Chilton RJ et al. Curr Diab Rep 2018; 18: 144. doi: 10.1007/s11892-018-1114-1

Guidelines

A convenient single access point, providing diabetes professionals with links to a comprehensive set of clinical practice guidelines from a wide range of relevant organizations.

Slides

Downloadable PowerPoint slide sets containing a variety of high-quality images and illustrations from Springer Nature’s library of published figures.

Practice tips

Practical information, guidance, and helpful resources for diabetes healthcare providers. Comprised of practical approaches, case studies, and more.

Themed collections

Compendia of selected, recently published, free full-text journal and book content from Springer Nature and other publishers on a particular topic within diabetes management, as recommended by our Editorial Board.

Independent Medical Education

Educational programs building upon the most current research and professional practice recommendations, with the aim of enabling more efficient diagnosis, optimizing treatment, and improving patient outcomes.

Image Credits