Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes
- Current Diabetes Reports
Author: Christine L. Chan
Publisher: Springer US
Purpose of Review
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) technology has long been accepted as a tool for managing glycemia in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and is receiving increased attention as a tool for monitoring glucose patterns in patients with other forms of diabetes, in particular type 2 diabetes (T2D). Recent studies in adults with T2D have shown benefits of CGM in the investigation of glycemic variability, as well as utility as a tool for improving glycemic control. The literature on CGM use in youth-onset T2D, however, is sparse. This paper reviews the various roles for CGM in T2D, with a focus on published reports of CGM use in youth-onset T2D. The gaps in knowledge are highlighted, along with a discussion regarding need for future studies of potential applications for CGM in this younger population.
CGM systems provide insight into glycemic abnormalities in obese youth with and at risk for T2D. This technology has enabled examination of the relationship between free-living glycemic profiles and traditional diabetes screening tests, as well as markers of cardiometabolic risk in this high-risk population.
Investigators are incorporating CGM technology into the study of T2D in youth, but interventional studies of CGM as a tool for glycemic control in youth-onset T2D are limited. Youth with T2D face a more aggressive disease than adults with T2D, and further studies utilizing advances in glucose monitoring technology to improve outcomes in this population are needed.