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09-19-2017 | Genetics | EASD 2017 | News

Genetics point way to type 1 and monogenic diagnosis and prediction

Studies presented in a session on the genetics of diabetes, at the EASD annual meeting in Lisbon, Portugal, demonstrated the heterogeneity of type 1 diabetes risk and the predictive and diagnostic power of a genetic risk score.

09-15-2017 | Continuous glucose monitoring | EASD 2017 | News

CGM use during pregnancy improves maternal glycemic control, neonatal outcomes

The CONCEPTT trial results suggest that the use of continuous glucose monitoring by pregnant women with type 1 diabetes improves glycemic control and neonatal outcomes relative to standard glucose monitoring.

09-06-2017 | Pregnancy | News

August Cochrane review round-up

Three Cochrane reviews published in August covered the topic of diabetes during pregnancy, finding that more research is needed to guide the best strategy for detecting gestational diabetes and to establish whether preconception care is beneficial for women with type 1 or 2 diabetes.

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Opinion

12-15-2016 | Guidelines | Editorial | Article

What is new in the 2017 American Diabetes Association Standards of Care?

Jay Shubrook, Chair of the American Diabetes Association’s Primary Care Advisory Group, outlines what's new in this year's ADA Standards of Care update. 

Original research

02-16-2017 | Gestational diabetes | OriginalPaper | Article

Diabetologia

Gestational diabetes and adverse perinatal outcomes from 716,152 births in France in 2012

This study assesses the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus in a large national cohort. gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with a moderately increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, which is higher in insulin-treated gestational diabetes mellitus than in non-insulin-treated gestational diabetes mellitus for most outcomes.

Billionnet C et al. Diabetologia 2017;60:636–644. doi:10.1007/s00125-017-4206-6

Related news story: Nationwide study confirms risks of gestational diabetes

01-19-2017 | Pregnancy | OriginalPaper | Article

Translating HbA1c measurements into estimated average glucose values in pregnant women with diabetes

The HbA1c–average glucose relationship is altered by pregnancy. Routinely generated standard estimated average glucose values do not account for this difference between pregnant and non-pregnant individuals and, thus, should not be used during pregnancy. Instead, the pregnancy-specific estimated average glucose values deduced in the current study are recommended for antenatal clinical care.

Law GR et al. Diabetologia 2017;60:618–624. doi:10.1007/s00125-017-4205-7

Related news story: Pregnancy-specific glucose to HbA1c conversion is essential

Journal articles and book chapters

06-23-2017 | Pregnancy | Review | Article

Metabolomics of diabetes in pregnancy

McCabe & Perng discuss the ways in which metabolomics may enhance understanding of gestational diabetes mellitus etiology and refine current diagnostic criteria.

McCabe CF & Perng W. Curr Diab Rep 2017; 17: 57. doi:10.1007/s11892-017-0890-3

01-13-2017 | Gestational diabetes | Review | Article

Primary prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus through nutritional factors: a systematic review

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy, is increasing worldwide, and is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. This systematic review assesses the existing literature on primary prevention of GDM through diet and supplements, and concludes that while nutritional factors may have some benefit, higher quality evidence is required in order to draw firm conclusions on the best intervention for preventing GDM.

Donazar-Ezcurra M et al. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2017;17:30. doi:10.1186/s12884-016-1205-4

01-28-2016 | Gestational diabetes | Review | Article

Sedentary behavior, gestational diabetes mellitus, and type 2 diabetes risk: where do we stand?

Physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behavior, in the context of GDM and the potential for type 2 diabetes risk reduction.

Johnson ST et al. Endocrine 2016;52:5–10. doi:10.1007/s12020-015-0828-y

Case reports

01-01-2015 | Gestational diabetes | Case study | Article

Endocrinology and Diabetes

Case study: diabetes in pregnancy

A 35-year-old pregnant African woman with no apparent past medical history of diabetes mellitus attends the diabetes clinic after being referred from primary care for a high capillary blood glucose reading. What are your next steps?

Tan EJH & Scott EM. In: Endocrinology and Diabetes. Edited by Ajjan R & Orme SM. Springer London, 2015.

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