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01-17-2020 | Diet | News

Addressing diet could widen socioeconomic diabetes risk disparity

Research indicates that efforts to improve diet on a population basis would do more to prevent diabetes in higher than lower socioeconomic status groups, because of the effect of multiple concurrent diabetes risk factors among less affluent people.

12-05-2019 | Diet | News

Time-restricted eating acceptable and beneficial for people with metabolic syndrome

Restricting eating to within a 10-hour daily window results in weight loss and metabolic benefits for people with metabolic syndrome, report researchers in Cell Metabolism.

11-11-2019 | Obesity | Highlight | News

Online coaching helps with weight loss maintenance

People who are trying to maintain weight loss with the help of electronic health records-based tracking tools do significantly better if they are given access to an online coach, shows a randomized trial.

11-05-2019 | Glycemic control | News

Group medical visits may be more effective with added intensive weight management

Adding intensive weight management to group medical visits for type 2 diabetes leads to greater weight loss, reduced medication use, and fewer hypoglycemic events, with a similar improvement in glycemic control, research shows.

08-21-2019 | Diet | News

Lack of omega-3 effect on type 2 diabetes confirmed

A systematic review and meta-analysis published in The BMJ confirms that intake of omega-3 fats does not influence the risk for or progression of type 2 diabetes.

08-07-2019 | Diet | News

DiRECT to the Caribbean

The very-low-calorie diet intervention used in the DiRECT trial is feasible and associated with type 2 diabetes remission in residents of Barbados, researchers report.

08-01-2019 | Diet | News

Genetics no barrier to dietary modification benefits on type 2 diabetes risk

Genetics and dietary fat each influence people’s risk for developing type 2 diabetes, but without any interaction between the two, show the findings of an individual participant data meta-analysis.

07-26-2019 | Gestational diabetes | News

Mediterranean-style diet has ‘strong potential’ to reduce gestational diabetes risk

Findings from the ESTEEM trial suggest that consuming a Mediterranean-style diet may reduce gestational weight gain and lower the risk for gestational diabetes among pregnant women with metabolic risk factors.

07-10-2019 | Diet | News

Better evidence needed for roles of specific dietary factors in type 2 diabetes

The quality of the evidence for the role of specific dietary factors in type 2 diabetes incidence is generally poor and requires better conducted research with more detailed assessments, suggests an umbrella review of meta-analyses.

07-08-2019 | Diet | News

Increased polyunsaturated fatty acid intake may cut deaths in type 2 diabetes

Increasing polyunsaturated fatty acid intake may decrease all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risk in people with type 2 diabetes, shows research published in The BMJ.

06-19-2019 | Diet | ADA 2019 | News

DiRECT: Beta cells ‘not dead’ in type 2 diabetes

People who achieved sustained remission of type 2 diabetes via substantial weight loss in the DiRECT trial regained normal maximal beta-cell capacity, the investigators report.

06-06-2019 | Liraglutide (T2DM) | News

Liraglutide may be an option for people with unresolved type 2 diabetes after metabolic surgery

Findings from the GRAVITAS trial indicate that use of the GLP-1 receptor agonist liraglutide alongside a diet and physical activity intervention may improve glycemic control among people with persistent or recurrent type 2 diabetes after bariatric surgery.

05-15-2019 | Diet | News

DiRECT/Counterweight-Plus intervention could be cost-effective long-term

Type 2 diabetes remission can be achieved within 1 year at a cost below the average annual cost of diabetes management, even when including complications, shows an economic evaluation of the DiRECT/Counterweight-Plus weight management program.

03-06-2019 | Diet | DUKPC 2019 | News

Diabetes remission durable for a third of DiRECT participants

Just over a third of people who undertook a period on a very-low-calorie diet in the DiRECT trial to tackle type 2 diabetes are in remission 24 months later, the investigators have reported.

10-25-2018 | Obesity | News

Even partial weight loss intervention adherence can pay dividends

Less than perfect attendance at commercial weight loss programs does not consign participants to failure, study findings show.

10-09-2018 | Diabetes prevention | EASD 2018 | News

Mixed results from the diabetes prevention PREVIEW project

The PREVIEW project investigators have reported broadly positive results, but tempered by issues such as a high dropout rate.

09-28-2018 | Diet | News

Total diet replacement approach achieves weight loss goals

Obese primary care patients referred to a total diet replacement program run by a commercial provider achieve substantial amounts of weight loss a year later, show findings from a randomized trial.

09-26-2018 | Monogenic diabetes | News

Clinical factors predict good glycemic control after MODY treatment switch

Baseline glucose control, diabetes duration, and BMI all impact whether an individual achieves optimal glucose control after a genetic diagnosis and treatment change for maturity onset diabetes of the young, UK researchers report.

07-20-2018 | Diet | News

2 days a week of dieting effective for type 2 diabetes patients

Reducing calorie intake to a quarter of normal needs for 2 days per week is as effective as smaller daily reductions in patients with type 2 diabetes, although care with either approach is needed for those with a history of hypoglycemia, shows a randomized trial.

07-20-2018 | Diet | News

Diet most important counterbalance to high diabetes risk in women

Eating habits that do not too closely resemble the typical Western diet may be the most important protective factor in women at very high risk for type 2 diabetes, say researchers.

05-09-2018 | Diet | Highlight | News

Study suggests benefits of very low carbohydrate intake in type 1 diabetes

A study of type 1 diabetes patients voluntarily following a very-low-carbohydrate diet suggests that the approach could help to achieve excellent control of blood glucose levels.

05-01-2018 | Obesity | Highlight | News

Targeting habits may lead to sustained weight loss

Findings of a randomized trial suggest that challenging people’s habits can lead to sustained weight loss, even if the habits targeted have nothing to do with healthy eating.

03-23-2018 | Lifestyle interventions | News

Weight loss intervention may reduce proportion of life spent disabled in type 2 diabetes

Analysis of data from the Look AHEAD trial suggests that a long-term intensive lifestyle intervention could delay the onset of physical disability among overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes.

03-20-2018 | Diet | News

DiRECT: Effects on insulin and liver fat revealed

Researchers from the DiRECT trial have reported large positive effects on liver fat and insulin secretion among people who achieved type 2 diabetes remission in response to a very-low-calorie diet.

02-21-2018 | Diet | News

Low-fat vs low-carbohydrate diets: Both effective for weight loss

The amount of weight loss achieved with a healthy low-fat diet is no different to that achieved with a healthy low-carbohydrate diet, according to US researchers.

02-15-2018 | Glycemic control | News

Household food insecurity linked to poor glycemic control

Young patients with type 1 diabetes who have inadequate access to nutritional food are more likely to have poor glycemic control than those from food-secure households, researchers report.

02-15-2018 | Diet | News

Hypoglycemia rate ‘lower-than-expected’ with intermittent fasting diet

Intermittent fasting, following a 5:2 pattern alongside weekly diabetes supervision and reduced medication, doubles the likelihood of experiencing hypoglycemia on fasting days in obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, study data show.

02-02-2018 | Disordered eating | News

Diet quality intervention does not trigger disordered eating in adolescents

Research shows that intervening to improve the diet quality of adolescents with type 1 diabetes does not exacerbate disordered eating behavior.

01-29-2018 | Gestational diabetes | News

Lifestyle intervention could aid weight loss in women with gestational diabetes

A postpartum lifestyle intervention may help women with gestational diabetes to lose weight following childbirth, indicate results from the 1-year analysis of the Tianjin Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Program randomized controlled trial.

01-12-2018 | Diet | News

Group CBT fails to halt weight regain

Findings of a randomized trial indicate that engaging in group cognitive behavioral therapy does not help people to maintain weight loss after a very-low-calorie diet.

01-11-2018 | Diet | News

Genetic obesity predisposition no barrier to healthy diet benefits

Eating a healthy diet is of particular benefit for people with high genetic risk for obesity, report researchers in The BMJ.

01-05-2018 | Lifestyle interventions | News

December Cochrane round-up

The authors of the single diabetes-related Cochrane review published in December find moderate-quality evidence for the ability of diet plus exercise to ward off type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance.

12-20-2017 | Diet | News

Structured weight management programs work in the real world

Real-life data show that a structured weight management program can lead to sustained weight loss, improved glycemic control, and a reduced need for medication in patients with type 2 diabetes.

12-18-2017 | Diet | News

Modifying dietary energy density may be key to weight loss

Research suggests that what people trying to lose weight choose to eat may be at least as important as what they avoid.

12-05-2017 | Diet | News

DiRECT trial: Diabetes remission achievable in primary care

Nearly half of the patients helped to follow a very-low-calorie diet for at least 3 months achieved and maintained remission of type 2 diabetes over the 12 months of the DiRECT trial, the investigators report.

11-06-2017 | Prediabetes | News

Lifestyle interventions have most staying power for diabetes prevention

A meta-analysis shows that although medications and lifestyle changes can both reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes in high-risk patients, only lifestyle modifications have a sustained effect.

10-17-2017 | Prediabetes | News

Teaming up with commercial weight management providers aids type 2 diabetes prevention

A partnership between primary care and commercial weight management providers could help reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes among patients with hyperglycemia, UK study findings show.

10-13-2017 | Diet | News

Linoleic acid may help prevent type 2 diabetes

People with higher levels of linoleic acid biomarkers have a reduced risk for type 2 diabetes than those with lower levels, whereas its metabolite arachidonic acid is not significantly associated with type 2 diabetes risk, study results suggest.

09-13-2017 | Diet | EASD 2017 | News

Hypocaloric low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets beneficial in type 2 diabetes

Results of a randomized trial suggest that patients with type 2 diabetes experience metabolic benefits from a hypocaloric diet regardless of whether it is low in fat or low in carbohydrate content.

08-29-2017 | Diet | News

PURE study adds pieces to dietary puzzle

Two analyses of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology cohort associate low dietary fat and high carbohydrate intake with an atherogenic lipid profile and increased mortality.

08-11-2017 | Diabetes self-management | News

Online game boosts glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

An online game delivering diabetes self-management education helps improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes, study results suggest.

07-26-2017 | Adolescents | News

Poor lifestyle intervention adherence may dilute effectiveness in youths with type 2 diabetes

Session attendance was only moderate and self-monitoring very poor in youths with type 2 diabetes who participated in the TODAY lifestyle programme, an analysis shows.

07-20-2017 | Cardiovascular outcomes | News

Machine learning hints at complex treatment effects in Look AHEAD

A machine-learning analysis suggests the existence of heterogeneous treatment effects in the Look AHEAD trial, which could account for the overall neutral effect of the study intervention on cardiovascular outcomes.

07-18-2017 | Diet | News

Diet quality defines benefits of plant-based eating

Diet quality has a large impact on the cardioprotective effects of a plant-based diet, shows research published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

06-23-2017 | Obesity | News

Poor-quality evidence for lifestyle interventions in overweight children

Cochrane reviewers have assessed the effectiveness of behavior-changing interventions in overweight and obese children, finding an indication of benefit but based on mostly low-quality evidence.

05-11-2017 | Children | News

Fatty acids consumed during breastfeeding could protect against type 1 diabetes

Fatty acids derived from fish and consumed during breastfeeding may protect against the development of type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmunity, researchers report.

04-18-2017 | Diet | News

Citywide sugary drink tax associated with consumer spending changes

Research shows that a tax imposed on sugar-sweetened drinks sold in the Californian city of Berkeley was largely passed on to consumers, and was associated with reduced sales of the taxed beverages.

04-12-2017 | Diet | News

Fresh fruit ‘should be recommended’ for people with diabetes

Fresh fruit consumption is associated with a reduced risk for diabetes, and a lower incidence of mortality and complications among those with diabetes, results of a large study suggest.

03-08-2017 | Diet | News

Campaign to change beverage choices reduces supermarket sales of sugary drinks

Researchers report the success of a community campaign to reduce the consumption of sugary drinks that led to a decrease in the supermarket sales of such drinks over a 3-year period.

03-07-2017 | Adolescents | News

Encouraging water intake may not boost weight loss in adolescents

A randomized trial shows that supporting overweight and obese adolescents to drink more water alongside adherence to a healthy diet does not improve their weight loss – although this may partly be because few participants managed to drink the required eight cups per day.

02-24-2017 | Diet | News

Fast-mimicking diet regenerates pancreas in diabetic mice

Results from an animal model indicate that a fasting-mimicking diet has profound effects on pancreatic cells, reversing diabetes in mouse models of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

02-22-2017 | Obesity | News

Low-cost intervention limits weight regain

A randomized trial published in the Annals of Internal Medicine demonstrates the success of switching patients to an intervention designed to promote a stable weight, after initial weight loss.

02-15-2017 | Diet | News

Fasting-mimicking diet effective in randomized trial

A randomized trial published in Science Translational Medicine demonstrates that the benefits of complete fasting can be obtained from a plant-based, restricted calorie alternative, particularly in people with cardiometabolic risk factors.

12-16-2016 | Gestational diabetes | News

Lifestyle changes ‘too little, too late’ for averting gestational diabetes

Taking up healthy eating and exercise does not prevent obese pregnant women from developing gestational diabetes, despite having marked effects on weight gain, show the findings of a randomized trial.

12-06-2016 | Adolescents | News

Intensive diet plan can reverse type 2 diabetes in adolescents

A pilot study indicates that a very intensive dietary intervention is acceptable to children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes, and highly effective among those who stick to it.

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